Barry Godfrey is Professor of Social Justice at the University of Liverpool. He has over twenty years’ experience of researching comparative criminology, with particular specialisms in longitudinal studies of crime, comparative international studies of offending and sentencing and desistance studies. His current research focuses on the long-term impact of youth justice interventions in the period 1850-1945; and he leads the Digital Panopticon project with colleagues at Sheffield, Oxford, Sussex, and Tasmania.
Paul Lawrence is Senior Lecturer in History at the Open University. His research is focused on the British police since 1750, particularly their interactions with the poor and socially-excluded, police use of violence and the self-image of police officers. His current research focuses on the development of the notion of preventive policing, and the evolution and legacy of the Vagrancy Act of 1824. He is currently director of the International Centre for the Study of Crime, Justice and Policing at the Open University.