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暢銷專書《一生必學的英文寫作》作者 陳超明教授 + 溫宥基老師
再傳大考英文作文高分錦囊密技 22 篇模擬練習
從基礎引導寫作  訓練到獨立寫作
教你從容下筆、縝密構思、精準用字、變化句型
練就如行雲流水的寫作功力

什麼樣的文章才能在大考英文作文拿高分?
拿到英文作文題目,如何最有效做題目分析?
在短時間內完成一篇結構完整、言之有物的文章?
《大考英文作文搶分秘笈》詳加指導如何腦力激盪,快速地掌握寫作脈絡,構思文章結構、採漸進式系統學習,有效培養高分英文作文能力。
本書收錄題目:
‧各類文體類型題目
‧照片寫作題型
共 22 篇大考英文作文試題,考前加強練習,培養考試臨場感

本書內容:
‧漸進式練習,從一開始的基礎引導寫作練習,漸進到獨立寫作
‧附重點動詞與關鍵句型,訓練活用動詞與實用句構
‧附檢核表單,讓教師、學生了解英文作文的評分關鍵
‧每篇提供「基礎級」和「進階級」範文,共 48 篇範文,供不同程度學習者參考
‧提供閱卷老師批閱評語,幫助了解閱卷老師心目中的最佳作文

搭配《一生必學的英文寫作》一書使用,學習最有效的寫作方法,教你文思泉湧,快速準確下筆,寫出漂亮的英文作文。

陳超明教授

現任:
國立政治大學英文系教授
台灣全球化教育推廣協會理事長
第三部門教育基金會執行長
漢聲電台「文學之夜」節目製作主持

經歷:
政大英文系系主任
政大外語學院院長
政大公企中心主任
近年來至全省校園、公家機關進行多場英語學習演講,是極為難得學術界以及業界都推崇的英語教授

溫宥基

現職:
國立政治大學附屬高級中學英文教師

學歷:
英國 University of Exeter 應用語言學碩士(Master in Applied Linguistics)
國立成功大學外國語文學系學士(Major in Department of the Foreign Languages and Literature)

經歷:
17年豐富教學經驗
TOEIC 990分(滿分)
ETS(美國教育測驗服務社)TOEIC & TOEIC Bridge認可師資
「英文寫作高分指南」作者
「英文寫作高分衝刺」作者
聯合報英文寫作班師訓指導老師
第一屆教育部落格大賽教師組佳作

給讀者的話

除了具備基本寫作觀念,還需要真正下筆去練習,才能達到英文寫作得高分的效果。這本《大考英文作文搶分秘笈》提供正在尋找英文寫作素材的考生各種練習的機會,或是提供老師教學的材料。

本書根據歷年的作文題型及大考英文寫作的趨勢,提供了 22 篇寫作題目,其中涵括考試常出現的記敘文、描寫文、書信文、及照片寫作等文體,給予考生寫作練習的機會及準備考試的方向。此外,針對看到題目卻不知如何起筆的學生,本書也提供了寫作技巧的指引,如 5W+1H 的腦力激盪思辨、文章脈絡的框架以及文章一貫性與連續性的導引等,讓學生可以在最短的時間內,鋪陳寫作思路,進而下筆寫作。

如果在寫作的過程中缺乏思考點,本書也針對每個題目列出數個關鍵字詞、重點動詞及活用句型,提點學生在寫作的進程中,旁徵博引並舉一反三,因為想在英文寫作上取得高分,能善用字詞及各種活用句型(而不賣弄艱深的文法或字彙)是關鍵點,這樣一來不僅可以精準地表達文意,還可以讓寫作的成品生動有趣。寫好文章後,藉由自我檢視的表格檢閱寫好的文章,可以再次提醒讀者寫作的關鍵重點並減少錯誤的發生。
至於寫作技巧的養成,建議使用陳超明教授及溫宥基老師共同編著的《一生必學的英文寫作》,逐步培養英文寫作能力。本書的目標是希望能在最短的時間內,幫學生準備好寫作測驗。當然,本書也是老師很好的教學素材。老師可以輕鬆地依據書裡的解說,引導學生寫作;參考的字詞及句型也可以協助學生自行寫作;自我檢視表的作用更可以減輕老師批閱作文的壓力。

大考英文寫作測驗雖然是考試,卻也是訓練將英語學習「接收」(input)的內容,內化、轉化成「表達」(output)的重要過程。英文寫作也是在日常生活、在學校、工作中不可或缺的重要能力。培養英文寫作實力,對於未來國際溝通能力有絕對的實質幫助。考試只是過程,透過寫作技巧的養成,以及經常的練習,期盼能幫助讀者逐步培養英文能力,在全球化時代,提升個人的國際競爭力。

給讀者的話
大考英文獨門心法與秘笈

各類文體寫作題
(1) 引導寫作:
1. One Good Deed
2. The Night I Turned off the TV
3. Sharing __________ with My Friends
4. In Ten Years' Time
5. A Teacher for a Day
6. Last Night I Had a/an __________ Dream
7. An All-Purpose Robot
8. Volunteer Work

(2) 進階寫作:
9. Doing Housework
10. A Precious Picture
11. A World without Computers
12. Listen to Me
13. Fighting against Depression
14. I Was Sick
15. Helping Others
16. Being Happy

(3) 獨立寫作:
17. A Luxury or a Necessity
18. Welcome to Taiwan
19. I Thank You

照片寫作題
引導寫作:
20. Losing Weight by Cycling
21. Panda Fever
進階寫作:
22. After the Exam

參考範文與評語
附錄

1. One Good Deed
多做善事不僅能幫助別人,也能使自己更快樂。請以“One Good Deed” 為題,寫一篇約 120 個字詞(words)的英文短文,第一段記敘你曾經做過的一件善事,第二段說明做了此事後你心裡面的感受,以及對你的影響。

腦力激盪
本文可以用第一人稱的方式來敘述自己曾作過的一件善事;第一段敘述這件事情的始末,第二段描寫你對這件事情的感想、心得或是之後的影響。
記敘自己所曾經做過的一件善事時,可依循 5W+1H(who, when, where, what, why 以及 how)的原則,思索整起事件發生的經過,將事件中的人物、發生的事、時間、以及地點交代清楚,最後再具體明確地刻劃自身的感想,給予文章一個完美的結論。

Topic: One Good Deed
Who
Who were the people involved in this good deed? (you, a stranger, or a neighbor?)

When
When / On what occasion did the incident happen? (a bus ride, paying for groceries at the counter, or a car accident?)

Where
Where did you do this good deed? (on the bus, in the neighborhood, or in a shopping mall?)

What
What did you do to help others? (pay the bus fare, show a stranger the direction, or help a child find his parents?)

Why
Why did you want to help? (out of sympathy, you have been helped before, or it was simply a gesture of kindness?)

How
How did you feel while doing this good deed?
How did you feel after this incident? (satisfied, contented, full of joy, or it gave you a sense of accomplishment?)

重點動詞與句型
■ 動詞
request sb. to do sth. / that 子句 要求某人做某事
例句:With small cans held in our hands, we requested passersby to donate their change to the orphanage.

strongly / greatly / heavily influence sb. 大大地影響了某人
例句:The charity activity greatly influenced me and gave me a sense of accomplishment
when I helped those in need.

■ 句型
S, ( ), + V... (同位語)
功能: 同位語的作用,主要是以較簡潔的方式提供更多的資訊或說明,如果在一個句子中,
需要對於同一主體(人或物)提供兩項以上的說明時,即可使用同位語。
例句: My best friend, Carol, and I went to a mom-and-pop beef noodle shop for lunch yesterday.

其他建議字詞與片語
It never occurred to me that I could help... 我從未想過自己能夠幫助..
do sb. a favor 幫助某人
relieve pain 減輕疼痛
timely help 及時的幫助
volunteer to solve a problem 自願解決問題
get out of an awkward situation 擺脫窘境
feel grateful for sb. / express gratitude to sb. 對某人感到感激/對某人表示感激
be appreciative of... 對..感到感激..
a heartwarming smile 溫暖的微笑
compliment sb. on sth. 讚美某人的某件事物
reach out a helping hand without hesitation 毫不遲疑地伸出援手

引導式寫作
It never occurred to me that I could really help someone in need. One day, I _________________________________________
________________________________________________________.
Fortunately, _____________________________________________.
He thanked me __________________________________________.
Seeing this, I _____________________________________________
______________________________.
I was thrilled with excitement after this incident not only because __________________________________________ but also because __________________________________________.
When I reached out a helping hand, _________________________
_________________. As a result, I learned ____________________
______________________. From then on, _____________________
_____________________. For me, ___________________________
_____________________________________.

檢核表 Checklist
語言部份
(以下每個項目檢查完畢後,請在□打;每個項目若有錯誤,都會被扣一至三分,請
同學注意。)
1. 文法正確性:□名詞單複數 □時態□主動詞一致性 □冠詞之使用 □每句話都只有一個動詞 □沒有夾雜中文
2. 拼字是否正確? □
3. 標點符號是否正確? □

內容部份
(1 . 8 項是得到 10 分左右的必要條件;9 . 12 項是取得高分的要素。)
1. 是否有依照考題指示作答? □
2. 是否有文不對題,或是抄襲他人整段文章? □
3. 是否書寫工整、並保持紙張的整潔? □
4. 是否有清楚的主題句?□
5. 是否有使用時序信號? □
6. 是否至少有三種以上的句型? □
7. 是否有清晰、貫穿全文的主軸?□
8. 是否有適當運用轉承詞或代名詞以維持文章的連續性?□
9. 是否有提出具體的細節? □
10. 是否使用具體精確的動詞? □
11. 是否運用較為優美的修飾字詞? □
12. 內容是否有創意? □

教師評語
□_______________________________

■ 引導式寫作─參考範例
It never occurred to me that I could really help somebody in need. One day, I saw a car accident in the countryside. The driver had hit a tree. She was hurt and couldn’t get out of her car. I pulled her out and called for an ambulance. Fortunately, the ambulance arrived quickly. The driver thanked me and gave me a heartwarming smile. Seeing this, I felt very happy and smiled back. The ambulance driver complimented me for my timely help.
I was filled with excitement after the incident not only because I had helped someone in need, but also because I was able to reach out a helping hand to someone without hesitation and without fear. As a result, I learned that giving is more blessed than receiving. From then on, I decided to become a doctor. For me, what I like most about being a doctor is the sense of accomplishment I feel when I help others. (159 words)

■ 參考範文─基礎篇
When I was a high school student, I helped a foreigner. One day when I was enjoying my noodles in a small shop, a foreigner came in. In English, he told the owner that he wanted beef noodles, but the owner didn’t understand it at all. The owner tried to communicate with him in Taiwanese, but the foreigner did not follow him. Therefore, I helped them solve this situation by doing my best to translate for them. They both thanked me for my kindness and said that my English was very good.
That was the first time I spoke English to a foreigner. I felt very happy after I walked out of the shop. I never thought that my English could really help people. After that, I liked English better, and I decided to learn it better. (137 words)

文章評論
1. 每段皆有主題:第一段利用 5W+1H 清楚的敘述事情的經過;第二段簡單的說明自己的感受及這件事情造成的影響。
2. 內容的一貫性及承接:第一段除了第一句及第二句有用到表示時間的字詞外,並沒有用到時間信號,不過因為後面的內容都是連續性的動作,較不至於混淆,但是若能加上一些時間信號,將會更加順暢。兩段之間利用 I spoke English to a foreigner. 這句話作為承接。
3. 細節陳述:有將事情發生的過程敘述出來,但是用字較為普通,也沒有具體呈現受幫助者的反應,只略微說明他們很感謝作者。
4. 句型變化:包括副詞子句、名詞子句、複合句等,尚稱有變化。
5. 總評:本文有主題,文句轉承尚稱流暢,文法、拼字、標點無誤,文章內容較為平淡,大約可得 9 至 10 分。

■ 參考範文─進階篇
I once helped a foreigner with my poor English when I was a first-year student in senior high school. One day, I went to a mom-and-pop beef noodles shop for lunch with my best friend, Carol. No sooner had we gobbled up our food than we heard a tall blonde foreigner arguing with the store owner. “I want beef noodles,” the foreigner told the owner. Unfortunately, English was all Greek to the owner, so she couldn’t communicate with the foreigner at all.
At this moment, Carol signaled me to help them. Feeling afraid and shy, I stood up and volunteered to solve this awkward situation by translating English into Taiwanese and vice versa. When the foreigner finally received the steaming noodles, she thanked me with a heartwarming smile and complimented me on my fluent English. Hearing this, I flushed with embarrassment and pleasure. After stepping out of the shop, I was so thrilled that I screamed and jumped. In my life, I had never talked to a foreigner, and from then on, I became more confident about my English, and I made up my mind to master it in the future. (191 words)

文章評論
1. 每段皆有主題:第一段利用 5W+1H 清楚的敘述事情的經過;第二段簡單的說明自己的感受及這件事情造成的影響。
2. 內容的一貫性及承接:文中每一句都有時間信號,清楚的交代整個事件發生的過程;兩段之間用分詞構句 After stepping out of the store 來連接,表明事件之後,作者個人的感受及後續的影響。
3. 細節陳述:利用具體精確的動詞,如 gobble up、signal、volunteer 等描述當事人的動作變化及心態;修飾字詞如 awkward、steaming noodles、heartwarming smile 生動地呈現事件的畫面。
4. 句型變化:利用副詞字句、同位語、倒裝句、分詞構句等,恰如其分的陳述整個過程。
5. 總評:本文有主題,文句轉承流暢,文法、拼字、標點無誤,具體說明細節,不過內容創意較不足,大約可得 13 至 15 分。

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