瀏覽紀錄

TOP
1/1
無庫存,下單後進貨(採購期約30個工作天)
104年人工增雨計畫
  • 104年人工增雨計畫

  • ISBN13:9789860472998
  • 出版社:經濟部水利署
  • 作者:國立臺灣大學
  • 裝訂/頁數:平裝/206頁
  • 規格:30cm*21cm (高/寬)
  • 出版日:2015/12/01
定  價:NT$350元
優惠價: 85298
可得紅利積點:8 點

無庫存,下單後進貨(採購期約30個工作天)

商品簡介

台灣大學大氣資源與災害研究中心「104年人工增雨計畫」執行團隊(以下簡稱服務團),於計畫期間,依合約應進行對水利署的七項工作項目;本報告記錄計畫執行各工作項目之執行進度。 其中最重要的執行項目,為與作業直接相關之項目。去(103)年入秋以後降雨偏少,各水庫緊繃的水情延續至今年春季;在水資源日益拮踞情況下,進行人工增雨適時增加降雨量,除作為因應乾旱之緊急防救措施外,亦是提高水源供應可靠度的方法。過去研究顯示,只要是天氣型態具備降水潛勢,以臺灣的大氣環境而言,暖雲增雨無過度種雲之慮,且一年四季均適合進行;理論及實作經驗顯示,具較佳種雲成效的施作環境,多出現於特徵明顯的天氣系統影響下,服務團於今年計畫開始後即持續密切守視每一波天氣系統影響台灣程度,適時建議啟動增雨作業。 「定期提供氣象預報」項目,每週一、五提供人工增雨施作評估之氣象預報。「辦理人工增雨實際作業」項目,依既定流程,訂定種雲決策並協調各單位,計畫期間應至少完成5次地面實作,現已完成8次作業,除時機掌握合宜之外,依每次施作前後之降雨量及雷達回波演變,顯示多數知施作應具種雲成效。「提供人工增雨技術之諮詢服務」項目,迄今已協助完成辦理「高雄水利會工作站現勘」、「接受公視專題採訪」、「青年日報採訪主秘擬答」、「協助水利署有關增雨事務之民眾意見回覆」及「石門水庫作業地點重評估」等事項。在維護及更新「人工增雨服務網」項目部分,持續新增國內外乾旱及增雨作業相關新聞,並於每次作業期間依作業階段即時更新服務網作業燈號資訊。「維護及更新地面增雨設備」項目,為提升人員安全及施作便利性,已製作5組有線/無線兩用控制器交水利署分配使用,並於9月11日10:30假鯉魚潭水庫管理中心辦理操作訓練。「評估改善國產暖雲增雨焰劑及其他施放平台之可行性」項目,持續就其他增雨焰劑投射機制或平台,與國內具有研製能量單位(如國防部軍備局、國防大學理工學院、陸軍化校等)協調溝通。另原已於5月完成「購置暖雲增雨焰劑100支」採購、驗收及分配等,但在水情考量下,協助水利署完成修約另增購200支,並於9月10完成驗收、並於9月11日分配完畢。

Cloud seeding, a measure for relieving drought but also increasing the reliability of water supply, has been operating for a long time by WRA. On the other hand, past studies indicated that the adverse over-seeding effect is not obvious in Taiwan, so the warm-cloud procedure can be executed all year round. According to the past researches and operational experiences, the better seeding results usually accompanied with the significant synoptic weather systems, so the main purpose of this project is to assist WRA not only to deal with seeding operations but alos to improve the policies and executive affairs about rain enhensement..
Seven major items, helpful for reinforcing the promotion of the rain-enhencement policy and operation, have been completed during this year. This report gives the details of each item. Some important implementation results are summarized as follows:
1. Regular cloud-seeding weather watch was provided twice a week at least.
2. Eight successful seeding operations were completed with supporting-team offered assistances such as coordination of WRA sub-units, analysis of favorable weather environment, and strategic decision of flare burning.
3. Some site survey, agencies-cross meeting and training, the professional response to the comments of public, and the preliminary survey about the usage of Taiwan-made flare were conducted.
4. Proceeding with the information website maintenance and drought news/technological news announcement.
5. Five sets of dual purpose wireless flare launcher have been delivered and agencies-cross training has been conducted.
6. The possibility of demostic-produced flare has been evaluating by cooperating with the Ministry of National Defense. The 600 g warm-cloud seeding flare tube filled with the stuff which has been tested last year could be the best preliminary appearance so far.
7. The purchases of 100 and additional 200 ICE flares were completed.

購物須知

為了保護您的權益,「三民網路書店」提供會員七日商品鑑賞期(收到商品為起始日)。

若要辦理退貨,請在商品鑑賞期內寄回,且商品必須是全新狀態與完整包裝(商品、附件、發票、隨貨贈品等)否則恕不接受退貨。