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學好英文單字先讀美國小學課本
  • 學好英文單字先讀美國小學課本

  • 系列名:源樺英語書
  • ISBN13:9789865962753
  • 出版社:華翔文化
  • 作者:源樺出版編輯部
  • 裝訂/頁數:平裝/304頁
  • 附件:光碟
  • 規格:23.3cm*17.2cm*1.5cm (高/寬/厚)
  • 出版日:2018/10/18
  • 中國圖書分類:英語
定  價:NT$360元
優惠價: 9324
可得紅利積點:9 點

庫存:3

商品簡介

作者簡介

名人/編輯推薦

目次

書摘/試閱

★ 內容原汁原味,淺顯易懂
本書收錄的所有內容(包括習題)均摘自美國小學課本,我們意欲讓讀者看到原汁原味的英語。
★ 所選文章涉及面廣,豐富多采
文章內容極廣,包括自然科學、社會風土人情、語文、數學等,其中自然科學篇包括天文、地理、生物等知識體系,讓你在學習英語的同時,拓展知識、瞭解美國文化風情,增強英語學習的趣味性。
★ 瞬間聯想單字記憶網
針對核心單字我們列出其相關辭彙,讓你在學單字的同時,舉一反三,記住其他相關詞,提高你的單字記憶效率。
★ 精選日常生活中常用的單字,列舉實用例句
★ 每個核心單詞搭配插畫,幫助形象記憶
本書對每個核心單字配以彩色插圖,除了緩解讀者的視覺和記憶疲勞外,還幫助其形象記憶,提高學習效率。

Matthew Chin 晉安佑
● 東吳大學英國語文學系畢
● 林語堂故居英語導覽員訓練講師
● 交通部運輸研究所APEC小組
● 東吳大學企管系APEC事務顧問
● 2010年創業,現為馬修書房英語補習班班主任

推薦序
國立台灣科技大學應用外語系 黃玟君 博士 熱情推薦

知己知彼,百戰百勝

在台灣,「英語學習」是全民運動,不過很可惜的是,大部分從事此「運動」的學習者雖試過各式各樣的學習方式,卻很少有人會利用西方世界的「教科書」來當作自己學習英文的讀物。有趣的是,很多研究都證實,最佳的外語教材不是刻意根據既定的文法規則或單字所寫出的句子,也不是與現實生活脫節、艱深難懂的文章,而是真正在西方世界被用來教導當地學生(也就是native speakers,「母語者」)的教材。根據研究,這些真實的教材不僅可以讓人學習到更真實、自然的英文,也更能激起其學習的興趣,因為根據這些教材所學到的單字、句型等,才是西方世界國家經常使用的單字、句型,而這也才是英語學習最終的目的:藉由瞭解西方世界的語言使用方式,真實且自然地與母語者溝通。

本書便是這樣一本符合上述精神的讀物。這本書以美國國小的教科書為內容,其選文題材多樣且豐富,主題涵蓋科學、社會、語文和數學;而且選文的形式並非一般教科書一成不變的長篇大論,而是有吸引人的故事、詩篇,以及填空、回答問題、偵錯等,多樣化的文章形式讓人讀來興趣盎然。

此外,搭配選文的「練習」也值得讚賞。這部分的內容有別於「選文」的知識灌輸,主要以腦力激盪、培養讀者獨立及批判性思考能力為主。例如書中的練習會要求讀者在一群單字中找出其中一個不屬於同類的單字,這種比較、類比的技巧不僅在學習不同學科或應付考試時很重要,也是生活中必備的能力。此部分的題型也很活潑,例如要求讀者完成填字遊戲或做科學實驗等,都可幫助讀者體認「學習」不是死背課本即可,還必須能夠活用。因此,千萬不要因為這本書是「小學課本」就直覺認定它幼稚簡單;若讀者好好利用,相信會從中學習到許多能力!

當然,身為一本「單字」書,本書所選擇的都是英語世界隨處可見、耳熟能詳的單字,例如在「科學篇」中提到青蛙的叫法是croak、老鼠的叫法是cheep,這些都是日常生活中常見,但台灣學習者卻不見得會學到的單字。此外,本書所列的單字還會搭配幾個相關詞,例如「社會篇」中介紹單字roar(怒吼;咆哮)時,便列舉了幾個意思相似但意義不同的單字,如shout(大喊)、scream(尖叫)、whine(哀號)等,一方面可以增加讀者的字彙量,一方面也可幫助讀者釐清不同單字的意思。

身為英語教育者,我認為本書最棒的地方在於它不僅僅是本單字書,也是一本教讀者「如何閱讀英文」的書。例如書中會要求讀者閱讀一小段文字就做summary(摘要),而這正是閱讀的重要技巧之一,除了可以找出文章重點,也可在閱讀長篇文章時不容易分心。此外,本書也提出許多閱讀的好方式,例如提醒讀者「瞭解文意是藉由思考文中的其他單字來學習新單字的方法」,告訴讀者不應死背單字,而是應從文章的上、下文來「猜單字」,而這才是學習單字最有意義也有效的方式。

最後,我希望藉此書鼓勵讀者「不只學英文,也學文化」,亦即在閱讀本書的選文時,將自己融入西方、尤其是美國文化的氛圍,這樣的語言學習才能深刻、也才更有意義!


 

第一篇 科學篇
※ God-made Objects and Man-made Objects 上帝創造的物體 & 人製造的物品
※ Plants 植物
※ Are They Insects? 牠們是昆蟲嗎?
※ You Hear Sounds 你聽到的聲音
※ Different Animals 不同的動物
※ Mammals 哺乳動物
※ How Are Animals Different? 動物有何不同?
※ How Do Animals Grow and Change? 動物是怎樣成長和變化的?
※ Keeping up with the Dinosaurs 恐龍追追追
※ Black Widow Spider 毒蜘蛛黑寡婦
※ Starfish 海星
※ Personal Safety 個人安全
※ Your Body Digests Food 身體如何消化食物
※ The Body Needs Oxygen and Gives off Carbon Dioxide 身體需要氧氣並排出二氧化碳
※ How to Care of the Teeth 如何保護好牙齒
※ Water as a Solid 固態的水
※ Chemical Change 化學變化
※ Molecules, Atoms, and Elements 分子、原子和元素
※ From Electrons to Electric Current 從電子到電流
※ Rainstorms, Thunder and Lightning 暴風雨、打雷和閃電
※ Stars We See 我們看到的星星
※ Comparing Earth and Venus 比較地球和金星

第二篇 社會篇
※ I Love My Country 我愛我的國家
※ A Nation of Immigrants 移民之國
※ Symbols of My America 美國的象徵
※ Yellowstone Park on Fire! 黃石國家公園著火了!
※ Citizens Now 現在是公民了
※ Great People 偉大人物
※ Alexander Graham Bell 電話發明者 亞歷山大.葛拉罕.貝爾
※ A Great Woman 一位偉大的女性
※ Save the Earth! 拯救地球!
※ Save the Turkeys! 拯救火雞!
※ Sweet Home 溫馨的家
※ Message in the Sky 來自天上的訊息
※ Merry-go-rounds 旋轉木馬
※ Scarecrows Then and Now 稻草人的發展史
※ Baseball 棒球的發展與規則
※ Basketball 籃球的發展與規則
※ Floor Exercises for Gymnasts 自由體操
※ Libraries 圖書館
※ News Magazines 新聞雜誌
※ Fun with Photography 攝影的樂趣
※ The Civilizations of Maya 瑪雅文化
※ The Farming Revolution 農業改革
※ Words Around the Nation 各個州不同的用字

第三篇 語文和數學篇
※ Sight Words 常見字彙
※ Consonant Blends 子音連讀
※ Clean up the Fragments 去除不完整句
※ Letter Writing 寫信
※ Personal Narrative 自我描述
※ Nothing but Net 球網
※ Tennis Lingo 網球術語
※ Basketball Talk 籃球大家談
※ Before the Game 比賽前
※ Pregame Warm-up 賽前熱身
※ Place Value 數字的位元值
※ Rounding: Hundreds and Thousands 數字的四捨五入
※ Two Ways to Pay Cent & Dollar 用美分和美元支付的兩種方法
※ Number Signal 數字提示
※ Estimating 概算
※ Multistep Problems 多重運算題
※ Problem Solving 應用題
※ Snack Time 零食時間
※ Fraction and Decimal Equivalents 分數和小數的等式

 

Plants
植物
Root
Roots are the part of the plant that is in the ground. The roots
of the plant hold the plant in the ground. On each root are tiny root
hairs. These tiny root hairs grow into the soil. They take in water
and minerals. The plant uses water and minerals to make food.
Without water and minerals, the plant cannot grow.

Stems
Now look at a plant’s stems. These stems are like tiny pipes. Water and minerals
can travel through the stem. The stem takes water and minerals to the leaves, where
the plant’s food is made.
Stems are many different sizes. The big tree trunk is a stem. The stem of a
cabbage plant is so short that you may not see it. Vines are a kind of stem. The tiny
tubes in the stem of a celery plant are easy to see.

Leaves
The leaves of green plants have tiny
openings in them. To see these openings,
you will need the help of a microscope.
A microscope makes things look much
bigger than they really are.
The tiny openings are important to help the plant grow. Carbon dioxide, a gas
from the air, enters the leaf by the openings. Carbon dioxide is given off by people
and animals when they breathe.
When plants use carbon dioxide, they give off a gas called oxygen. People and
animals need oxygen to live. Some of the water in the plant is given off through the
leaves. Carbon dioxide goes into the leaves of the plant through tiny openings like
those in this picture.

Food storage parts
You have learned that all green plants make food.
You know that the plants use part of the food they make.
This food is used to grow new leaves and roots.
What happens to the rest of the food? God made
green plants in a special way. All extra food is stored
somewhere in the plant. Some plants such as lettuce
store their extra food in the leaves. Many plants such as
beets and carrots store food in their roots. The celery plant stores food in its stem.
Corn, beans, and peas store food in their seeds. Still other plants store food in their
fruits. Could you say, then, that you had roots, stems, and leaves for dinner?

stem
[st?m] j
莖;(樹)幹
相關詞
Some wild vines ran up the stems of the corn.
一些野生的藤蔓纏繞著玉米莖往上長。
leaf [lif] n. 葉子;
branch [brænt?] n. 樹枝,分支;root [rut] n. 根
trunk
[trʌ?k] j
樹幹
相關詞
The trunk of this tree is thicker than
three meters.
這棵樹的樹幹有超過三公尺粗。
bole [bol] n. 樹幹;bud [bʌd] n. 芽
cabbage
[ˋkæb?dʒ] j
高麗菜
相關詞
My brother likes to eat cabbage.
弟弟喜歡吃高麗菜。
Chinese cabbage n. 大白菜;
spinach [ˋsp?n?t?] n. 菠菜;
celery [ˋs?lər?] n. 芹菜;
leek [lik] n. 韭菜
picture
[ˋp?kt?ɚ] j
畫;畫像;
圖片;照片
相關詞
This picture vividly portrays the condition
of life in China at that time.
這幅圖片生動地呈現了那個時期中國的生活狀況
portrait [ˋportret] n. 肖像畫;
painting [ˋpent??] n. 繪畫;
portray [porˋtre] v. 描繪
Are They Insects?
牠們是昆蟲嗎?
Are They Insects?
Read each passage. After each passage you will answer a question about the
main idea of the passage. Remember, the main idea is the main point in a story.
I. Mayflies are insects. They begin life underwater. As they grow older, mayflies
leave the water and grow wings. When their wings are strong, they fly with
thousands of other mayflies near the water. You can often see them by ponds.
They look like a dark cloud hanging over the water.
1. The story mainly tells .
A. why mayflies have no wings
B. what looks like a cloud
C. about the life of mayflies
D. how mayflies grow on land

II. Some butterflies lay their eggs on just one kind of plant. By tasting the plant, they
know which one is right. Sometimes butterflies taste the wrong plant, so they fly
to another plant and taste again. When they find the right plant, they lay their eggs
there. Soon the eggs hatch. The hungry babies eat the plant their mother chose!
2. The story mainly tells .
A. when baby butterflies come out of eggs
B. how butterflies choose where to lay eggs
C. what flies from one plant to another
D. how butterflies always taste the right plant

III. Centipedes are not insects, but they look like insects. They are long animals with
short legs. Centipede means “hundred feet,” but centipedes have 350 legs!
Millipedes also have many legs. Millipede means “thousand feet,” but they have
about 700 legs!
3. The story mainly tells .
A. how many legs centipedes and millipedes have
B. what kind of animal a centipede is
C. that centipedes have one hundred legs
D that millipedes have one thousand legs

IV. A fly has six feet. Each foot has a plump little pad on the bottom. The pads flatten
out when the fly walks on a smooth surface. They give off a sticky liquid that
holds the fly to the wall or the ceiling. The liquid acts like glue so that the fly
doesn’t fall.
4. The story mainly tells .
A. how many legs a fly has
B. about the fly’s special feet
C. how flies make glue
D. about different types of flies
V. Many people don’t like bugs. Some bugs bite or sting people. Other bugs eat
people’s plants and fruits. People poison bugs to get rid of them. Now scientists
are finding new ways to kill bugs with germs. The germs make the bugs sick, and
then they die. Scientists also use bugs to fight the other bugs. The ladybug is an
example. It eats bugs that hurt fruit.
5. The story mainly tells .
A. poison is not the only way to get rid of bugs
B. people need to stay away from ladybugs
C. most bugs like to eat fruit trees
D. the germs make the bugs stronger

insect
['insekt] j
昆蟲
相關詞
Are mayflies insect or not?
蜉蝣是不是昆蟲?
insecticide [?nˋs?ktə͵sa?d] n. 殺蟲劑;
worm [wɝm] n. 蟲;pest [p?st] n. 害蟲;
mayfly [ˋme͵fla?] n. 蜉蝣
pond
[pɑnd] j
池塘
相關詞
Children like to play at the pond.
孩子們喜歡在池塘邊玩。
pool [pul] n. 水塘;penstock [ˋp?n͵stɑk] n. 水渠;
drain [dren] n. 水溝
hang
[hæ?] l
把…掛起;懸掛展出
相關詞
My mother hung the clothes on the rope.
媽媽把衣服掛在繩子上。
hanging [ˋhæ???] n. 絞死,絞刑;
suspend [səˋsp?nd] v. 使暫停,使停留;
swing [sw??] v. 擺動

butterfly
[ˋbʌtɚ͵fla?] j
蝴蝶
相關詞
I saw a butterfly resting on the leaf.
我看見一隻蝴蝶在樹葉上休息。
bee [bi] n. 蜜蜂;moth [m?θ] n. 飛蛾;
ladybug [ˋled?͵bʌg] n. 瓢蟲
hungry
[ˋhʌ?gr?] k
饑餓的;
顯出饑餓樣子的
相關詞
I felt very hungry today so I ate a lot.
我今天很餓,所以吃了很多。
hunger [ˋhʌ?gɚ] v. 挨餓;
starving [ˋstɑrv??] adj. 饑餓的;
thirsty [ˋθɝst?] adj. 口渴的
centipede
[ˋs?ntə͵pid] j
蜈蚣
相關詞
Centipedes can be used as medicinal material.
蜈蚣能當藥材用。
millipede [ˋm?lə͵pid] n. 多足類;
mantis [ˋmænt?s] n. 螳螂;
cockroach [ˋkɑk͵rot?] n. 蟑螂
plump
[plʌmp] k
豐滿的;胖嘟嘟的
相關詞
The baby has rosy plump cheeks.
這嬰兒的面頰紅紅胖嘟嘟的。
plumpness [ˋplʌmpn?s] n. 豐滿;
chubby [ˋt?ʌb?] adj. 圓胖的;
pudgy [ˋpʌdʒ?] adj. 矮胖的
flatten
[ˋflætn] l
使平坦;弄平
相關詞
My mother flattened the clothes with an iron.
媽媽用熨斗把衣服燙平。
flat [flæt] adj. 平坦的;
flatness [ˋflætn?s] n. 平坦,單調;
widen [ˋwa?dn] v. 使寬廣
surface
[ˋsɝf?s] j
表面;表相
相關詞
The surface of the lake is quite still
because there was no wind.
由於沒有風,湖面很平靜。
exterior [?kˋst?r?ɚ] n. 外部;
face [fes] n. 表面,面子;
outside [ˋa?tˋsa?d] n. 外部,外觀
Sounds You Hear
你聽到的聲音
Sounds You Hear
Wind can whistle and rustle the leaves.
Water can gurgle and splash.
A bird can sing, way up in the trees.
A cricket can chirp in the grass.
The wail of siren,
The clink of a spoon,
The jingle or ring of a bell,
Can you tell what’s happening outside of your room.
They are sounds you know so well.

whistle
[ˋhw?sL] l
鳴汽笛;吹口哨
相關詞
When you hear the referee whistle,
just rush towards the ball.
你一聽到裁判吹哨,就往球的方向衝過去。
alarm [əˋlɑrm] v. 警告,使驚恐;
bugle [ˋbjugL] v. 吹號,吹喇叭;
horn [h?rn] v. 鳴笛
rustle
[ˋrʌsL] l
使沙沙作響
相關詞
During the night, I heard the cold wind
rustling the leaves.
我聽見寒風在夜裡吹得樹葉沙沙作響。
whisper [ˋhw?spɚ] v. 耳語、低語,颯颯地響;
swishy [sw???] adj. 嗖地作響的;
whoosh [hwu?] n. 嗖的一聲,嘶嘶聲
gurgle
[ˋgɝgL] l
(水等) 汩汩地流
相關詞
The water gurgled out of the pipe.
水從管子裡汩汩地流了出來。
bubble [bʌbL] v. 冒泡,發出氣泡聲;
flow [flo] v. 流動;torrent [ˋt?rənt] n. 激流
splash
[splæ?] l
濺;潑
相關詞
I didn’t mean to splash the page with ink.
我不是故意把墨水濺到頁面上。
ripple [ˋr?p!] n. 漣漪;surf [sɝf] n. 拍岸浪花;
spray [spre] n. 浪花,水花
cricket
[ˋkr?k?t] j
蟋蟀
相關詞
There is a cricket hopping in the grass.
草叢裡有一隻蟋蟀在跳。
grasshopper [ˋgræs͵hɑpɚ] n. 蚱蜢;
locust [ˋlokəst] n. 蝗蟲;
beetle[ˋbitL] n. 甲蟲
chirp
[t?ɝp] l
唧唧叫
相關詞
I heard birds chirping among the trees.
我聽到鳥兒在樹叢裡鳴叫。
twitter [ˋtw?tɚ] v. 吱吱叫;啁啾;
bray [bre] v. 驢叫;mew [mju] v. 貓喵喵叫;
tweet [twit] v. 吱吱地叫;啁啾鳴叫
wail
[wel] j
慟哭聲;呼嘯聲
相關詞
I heard the wail from this room.
我聽到從這個房間裡發出了一陣哀號聲。
moan [mon] n. 呻吟聲,嗚咽聲;
scream [skrim] n. 尖叫聲;zing [z??] v. 尖嘯聲
siren
[ˋsa?rən] j
汽笛;報警器
相關詞
The siren suddenly went off at midnight.
警笛突然在半夜響了起來。
burglar alarm [ˋbɝglɚ] [əˋlɑrm] n. 防盜警報器;
car alarm [kɑr] [əˋlɑrm] n. 汽車防盜器;
hooter [ˋhutɚ] n. 汽笛;警笛
clink
[kl??k]j
叮噹聲
相關詞
I got mad at the clink of keys.
鑰匙碰撞時的叮噹聲,讓我感到很煩。
click [kl?k] n. 滴答聲;tinkle [ˋt??kL] n. 叮噹聲;
jingle [ˋdʒ??gL] n. 叮噹聲;ring [r??] v. 鳴,響
spoon
[spun] j
湯匙;勺子相關詞
Use a spoon to stir up the soup.
用湯匙攪拌湯。
bowl [bol] n. 碗;
dish [d??] n. 盤,碟;
pot [pɑt] n. 鍋

 

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